Anglo Saxon Northumbrian coins

The Anglo Saxon coinage of Northumbria may be divided into two issuing authorities, the kings of Northumbria and also the Archbishops of York. The small coins, c.10 mm in diameter, start off as reasonable silver (known these days as "sceats"), akin to the Saxon coinage in the rest of Britiain but eventually degenerate into a base metal coinage (generally referred to as "stycas"). The termination of the series is in the mid to late 9th century and is due to the Viking invasion of the north.

The coins

Kings of Northumbria

Eanred (810-44):
 Obv: +EANRED REX
Cross
Rev: +MONNE
Cross
  
 Obv: +EANRED REX
Pellet in circle of pellets
Rev: EADV+INI
Pellet in circle of pellets

Obv: +EANRED REX
Cross
Rev: +FORDRED
Cross


Aethelred II (841-843/4 & 843/4-849/50):
 Obv: +EDELRED REX
Cross in circle
Rev: +EARDVVLF
Cross in circle

 Obv: +EDELRED REX
Cross
Rev: +MONNE
Pellet in circle

+ED[......]RED
Pellet in circle of pellets
+M╩śNNE
Pellet in circle of pellets

Obv: +EDIL[...]ED [..]
Pellet in circle of pellets
Rev: +C[........]ND
Cross made of five pellets

Archbishops of York

Wigmund (839-849/50):
Obv: +VIGMVND IREP
Cross in centre, no inner circle
Rev: +EDILVEARD
Cross in centre, no inner circle

 Obv: +VIGMVND
Cross in centre, no inner circle
Rev: +COENRED
Cross in centre, no inner circle

 Obv: +VI[..]MVND
Pellet in circle of pellets with radiating spokes
Rev: +[....]LFRED
Cross in centre, no inner circle

Obv: +V[...]MVD
Pellet in circle
Rev: +[..]VHE[...
Pellet in circle


Uncertain and blundered issues
 Uncertain issuer and moneyer, double struck

Uncertain issuer and moneyer, two reverses?

Uncertain issuer and moneyer, two reverses?

Uncertain issuer and moneyer

Other artefacts of the period with a Yorkshire provenance

Saxon/Viking strapend:

Viking globular hack silver, 1.01g ("Ainsbrook" find):
  
Viking cut bar hack silver, 1.6g ("Ainsbrook" find):

Viking cut Ayyubid dirhem hack silver, 0.49g ("Ainsbrook" find):

Saxon/Viking strapend ("Ainsbrook" find):

Saxon strapend:

Saxon wrist clasp:

Saxon/Viking strapend ("Ainsbrook" find):

Saxon/Viking decorative mount ("Ainsbrook" find):